HISTORY OF THE HOLOCAUST – TIME LINE

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HISTORY OF THE HOLOCAUST – TIME LINE

    1933

      The Nazi party takes power in Germany. Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor,or prime minister of Germany.- Nazis ‘temporarily’ suspend civil liberties

      - The Nazis set up the first concentration camp at Dachau. The first inmates are 200 Communists.

      - Books with ideas considered dangerous to Nazi beliefs are burned.

    1934

      Hitler combines the positions of chancellor and president to become ‘Fuhrer’ or leader of Germany.’

      - Jewish newspapers can no longer be sold in the streets.

    1935

      Jews are deprived of their citizenship and other basic rights.

      - The Nazis intensify the persecution of political people that donÕt agree with his philosophy.

    1936

      Nazis boycott Jewish-owned business.

      - The Olympic Games are held in Germany; signs barring Jews are removed until the event is over.

      - Jews no longer have the right to vote.

    1938

      German troops annexed Austria.

      - On Kristallnacht, the ‘Night of Broken Glass,’ Nazis terrorized Jews throughout Germany and Austria – 30,000 Jews are arrested.

      - Jews must carry id cards and Jewish passports are marked with a “J.”

      - Jews no longer head businesses, attend plays, concerts, etc.;

      all Jewish children are moved to Jewish schools.

      - Jewish businesses are shut down; they must sell businesses and hand over securities and jewels.

      - Jews must hand over drivers’s licenses and car registrations.

      - Jews must be in certain places at certain times.

    1939

      Germany takes over Czechoslovakia and invades Poland.

      - World War II begins as Britain and France declare war on Germany.

      - Hitler orders that Jews must follow curfews; Jews must turn in radios to the police; Jews must wear yellow stars of David.

    1940

      Nazis begin deporting German Jews to Poland.

      - Jews are forced into ghettos.

      - Nazis begin the first mass murder of Jews in Poland.

      -Jews are put into concentration camps.

    1941

      Germany attacks the Soviet Union.

      - Jews throughout Western Europe are forced into ghettos.

      -Jews may not leave their houses without permission form the police.

      -Jews may no longer use public telephones.

    1942

      Nazi officials discuss the ‘Final Solution’ – their plan to kill all European Jews – to the government officials.

      -Jews are forbidden to: subscribe to newspapers; keep dogs, cats, birds, etc; keep electrical equipment including typewriters; own bicycles; buy meat, eggs, or mild; use public transportation; attend school.

    1943

      February: About 80 to 85 percent of the Jews who would die in the Holocaust have already been murdered.

    1944

      Hitler takes over Hungary and begins deporting 12,000 Hungarian Jews each day to Auschwitz where they are murdered.

    1945

      Hitler is defeated and World War II ends in Europe.

      - The Holocaust is over and the death camps are emptied.

      - Many survivors are placed in displaced persons facilities.

    1946

      An International Military Tribunal (Judicial assembly) is created by Britain, France,the United States, and the Soviet Union.

      - At Nuremburg, Nazi leaders are tried for war crimes by the above Judicial assembly.

    1947

      The United Nations establishes a Jewish homeland in British-controlled Palestine, which becomes the State of Israel in 1948.