Images…Before the Storm and It Starts

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The images are divided into four periods:


  • Images 1: Before The Storm
    The election of 1932, the opening of the first camp at Dachau in 1933, and a gradual political and social storm starts. Featuring the art of A. Paul Weber.
  • Images 1: It Starts
    Kristallnacht, the dehumanization of medieval symbols to be worn, more and more camps, as refugees try to flee for safety.
  • Images 2: Shoah
    Shoah, a Hebrew word for catastrophe. Images from the camps and Eastern Europe.
  • Images 2: Liberation
    What the world found: the survivors and a challenge to remember.


    Before the Storm

    The Election of 1932

    Hitler’s Campaign
    1932 Poster from Hitler’s and Hindenburg’s campaign. Rough translation: “Fight with us for Peace and Equal Rights”. Source: Dachau Memorial Museum
    SPD Campaign Poster
    Social Democrats, the Worker’s Party, poster. Source: Dachau Memorial Museum
    Hitler’s First Government
    Only three of the 11 ministers elected to the first Hitler cabinet were NSDAP members. Source: Dachau Memorial Museum

    Propaganda and the First Camps

    The Sturmer
    1934 issue of the newspaper The Sturmer, which names the Jews as ritual murderers of non-Jews. The lies of this famous issue brought protest driven by the headlines: “Jewish Murder Programme Against Non-Jewish Humanity Unveiled” and at the bottom, “The Jews are our Downfall!”. Source: Dachau Memorial Museum.
    Public Poster
    An anti-semitic sign: “Recognize the true enemy with the yellow star.” Source: Dachau Memorial Museum
    Himmler at Dachau
    The leader of the SS visits the Dachau camp, a model for other camps, in 1936. Dachau opened in 1933. Source: Dachau Memorial Museum.
    Standing Punishment
    Prisoners were forced to stand for hours as punishment in the camps. Source: Dachau Memorial Museum

    An Artist’s View: A. Paul Weber

    Paul Weber’s work speaks for itself. Source: A. Paul Weber, Hamburg, and the Dachau Memorial Museum.
    “A German Destiny” 1932
    “The Swamp” 1933
    “Public Enemy” 1933
    “Prisoner” 1934
    “Resistance” 1934
    “Speak up now if you can” 1933
    “Speculating on heroic death” 1934


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    It Starts

    A Jewish Family is Taken Away
    A family in Amsterdam is taken from their homes. Their destination might be a ghetto or a concentration camp. Source: Dachau Memorial Museum
    Prisoners at Work
    The early camps were primarily for slave labor. Prisoners built the camps, provided construction labor, worked in administration, worked outdoors in quarries and sand gravel pits, or worked in armaments factories. Source: Dachau Memorial Museum.
    Pushing to Survive
    Source: Dachau Memorial Museum
    Jewish Prisoners
    A photo of Jewish prisoners in 1938. Source: Dachau Memorial Museum



    Escape from Germany required a visa. Getting out became harder as the Thirties came to a close.
    A Refugee
    Shanghai Visa with Chinese symbol for Jew
    The only place that didn’t require a visa to enter. Problem was, you still needed a visa to get out. Source: The Fugu Plan by Martin Tokayer

    SymbolsThese are symbols that the Nazis forced people to wear to indicate their identity, as well as some from the various workgroups in the ghettoes.


    Categories and Marks for Prisoners
    33 variations for Dachau prisoners which were sewed onto their clothing. Categories across the top include: Political, Professional Criminals, Emigrants, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Homosexuals, Asocials. On the side: Basic color, multiple offenders, prisoners in punishment battalions, Jews, along with special badges for racial law violations and nationalities.
    Yellow Stars of David for Jews
    Sanitats Dienst: Sanitation Worker in the ghetto
    Blue Arm Band from Ghetto Police
    Ghetto Star
    Ghetto Worker
    Source for these: The Write Thing videotape of Yad Vashem. 

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