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Prepared by Ned Shulman, Allentown Holocaust Resource Center

Chapter 1: Introduction


Arad, Yitzhak, et al., eds. Documents on the Holocaust, Selected Sources on the Destruction of Jews in Germany, Austria, Poland and the Soviet Union. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1981.

Bauer, Yehuda. A History of the Holocaust. New York: Franklin Watts, 1982. Comprehensive historical account including material on Jewish resistance, non-Jewish rescue attempts.

_____. The Holocaust in Historical Perspective. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1978.

Chartock, Roselle and Spender, Jack, eds. The Holocaust Years: Society on Trial. New York: Bantam, 1978. Eighty-eight brief selections including eyewitness accounts and memoirs.

Dawidowicz, Lucy S. The War Against the Jews, 1933-1945. New York: Bantam, 1976. Scholarly history of Nazi effort to exterminate Jews of Europe.

_____. A Holocaust Reader. New York: Behrman, 1976. Selection of original documents grouped according to pre-1933, 1933-1938, 1939-1945. Included are excerpts from diaries of German Jews, ghetto victims and resistance fighters as well as S.S. memoranda, speeches and legislation.

Eckardt, A. Roy with Alice L. Long Day’s Journey Into Night. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1982. Discussion of the impact and meaning of the Holocaust within contemporary Christian and Jewish thought and life.

Fleischmen, Eva, ed. Auschwitz: Beginning of a New Era? Reflections of the Holocaust. New York: Ktav, 1977. Theological reflections on the Holocaust by prominent thinkers.

Friedlander, Albert H., ed. Out of the Whirlwind: A Reader of Holocaust Literature. New York: Schocken, 1976.

Friedlander, Henry and Milton, Sybil, eds. The Holocaust Ideology, Bureaucracy, and Genocide. Millwood, NY: Kraus International Publications, 1980. An interdisciplinary collection of papers by leading experts.

Gilbert, Martin. The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1986. Factual presentation documented by oral testimonies.

_____. Atlas of the Holocaust. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1982. Graphic presentation of 316 maps tracing each part of Hitler’s war against the Jewish people and other victims.

Grobman, Alex and Landes, Daniel, eds. Critical Issues of the Holocaust. New York: Rossel Books, 1983. Articles commissioned by the Simon Wiesenthal Center surveying the range of Holocaust scholarship.

Gutman, Yisrael and Rothkirchen, Livia, eds. The Catastrophe of European Jewry. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1976. Anthology of articles about the Holocaust by twenty-five leading scholars.

Hilberg, Raul. The Destruction of the European Jews. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1984. 3 vols. Revised and expanded version of 1961 edition. Publisher preparing a general reader’s edition of about 400 pages and a student’s edition of 350 pages.

Lanzmann, Claude. Shoah: An Oral History of the Holocaust. New York: Pantheon Books, 1985. Text of the documentary. Included are interviews with Polish peasants and railroad workers, German officials and railroad bureaucrats, as well as with Jan Karski and Raul Hilberg.

Levin, Nora. The Holocaust, The Destruction of European Jewry, 1933-1945. New York: Schocken Books, 1973. Authoritative account of what happened to the Jews of Europe during the Holocaust.

Levin, Nora. The Holocaust Years: The Nazi Destruction of European Jewry, 1933-1945. Florida: Frieger Publishing Co., Inc., 1990. Short history with selected readings from primary source material.

Marrus, Michael R. The Holocaust in History. Hanover, NH: University of New England Press, 1987. Definitive assessment of the vast historical literature on the Holocaust.

Meltzer, Milton. Never to Forget: The Jews of the Holocaust. New York: Dell, 1977. Short, practical survey.

Poliakov, Leon. Harvest of Hate: The Nazi Program for the Destruction of the Jews in Europe. New York: Holocaust Library, 1978. Comprehensive survey of the Holocaust.

Rothschild, Sylvia, ed. Voices from the Holocaust. New York: New American Library, 1981. Survivors of the Holocaust speak out. Culled from 650 hours of tapes of survivor testimony in various parts of the United States.

Strom, Margot Stern and Parsons, William S. Facing History and Ourselves: Holocaust and Human Behavior. Watertown, MA: Intentional Educations, 1982. Full curriculum including readings and activities.



52 minutes/color/16 mm film/ADL

Considered by many the definitive film on the Holocaust. Part of the British-produced “World at War” TV series. Narrated by Sir

Laurence Olivier. Covers the history of the Final Solution from the 1920s when waves of anti-Semitism inundated Germany, to 1945, when the remnants of European Jewry were released from the death camps.

Videocassette, subtitled “World at War” Vol. 20, available from SSSS.


90 minutes/color/videocassette/SWC

Award-winning documentary narrated by Orson Welles and Elizabeth Taylor. Chronicles the surge of anti-Semitism from Biblical times through the rise of Nazism. Introduction by Simon Wiesenthal.

Excellent introduction to the Holocaust.


7-1/2 hours/color/videocassette (3)/SSSS

NBC-TV docu-drama of lives of two families living in Nazi Germany during Hitler’s “Final Solution.”

Nazi Holocaust: Series I

Twenty-five photo aids, 11” x 14”/black and white/SSSS

Selection shows the brutality and horror of Nazi extermination methods during World War II. Includes German soldiers and civilians, the Warsaw ghetto, S.S. troops, liberated slave laborers, mass burials, Dachau, Auschwitz, and Buchenwald concentration camps.

Nazi Holocaust: Series II

Forty photo aids, 11” x 14”/black and white/SSSS

Selection includes photographs of concentration camps, anti-Semitic activities in Germany, ghettos, soldiers mistreating Jews, atrocities, guards, officials, German citizens forced to view the dead, crematoria, and the Allies.

Night and Fog

32 minutes/color and black and white/videocassette/SSSS

16 mm film/ADL

Surrealistic journey of horror by a novelist who survived imprisonment by the Nazis. Shows concentration camps scenes of same places a decade after the Holocaust.


9-1/2 hours/color/videocassettes (5)/SSSS

Compelling production about the Holocaust combining contemporary footage of the places where events took place and interviews with Jewish survivors, S.S. officers, Nazi functionaries, and other eyewitnesses.

The Eighty-First Blow

120 minutes (shorter version, 90 minutes)/black and white/ADL

115 minute videocassette/SSSS

A Holocaust documentary from footage and stills shot by the Nazis depicting measures taken to annihilate the Jews.

The Holocaust: 1933-1945

Twenty 23” x 29” photograph posters/ADL

Black and white photos of Jewish life in pre-war Germany, the rise of Nazism, persecution of Jews, deportations, ghettos, death camps, Jewish resistance movements, survivors, Nuremberg Trials, children survived to move to Israel.

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

115 minutes (Parts I, II, III: 28 minutes each; Part IV: 31 minutes)/black and white/16 mm film/ADL

Rise of Hitler shows how Hitler and his cohorts manipulated events to achieve power.

Nazi Germany, Years of Triumph shows Germany between 1933 and 1939.

Gotterdammerung, Collapse of the Third Reich covers 1941 to 1945 as Hitler’s dream of a “thousand year Reich” became a nightmare of World War II as the free nations of the world joined to defeat Nazi tyranny.

Nuremberg Trial depicts the indictment of 24 Nazi leaders in Nuremberg, Germany, October 1945, which opened an unprecedented chapter in international law.

To Bear Witness

41 minutes/color/16 mm film/videocassette/ADL

Interviews with survivors and liberators of the Nazi concentration camps at 1981 Liberators Conference in Washington, DC. Strength of the human spirit dominant in the face of adversity.

Through Our Eyes: Children Witness the Holocaust

25 minutes/color/videocassette/SSSS

Itzhak Tatelbaum has collected children’s eyewitness accounts, diary entries, and poems which are read by young people in a moving program. Black and white photographs illuminate the narrator’s descriptions of seeing synagogues burned, riding on cattle cars, and losing their families. 185-page study guide provides an expanded script and discussion questions.

Chapter 2: Stereotypes and Prejudices


Allport, Gordon W. The Nature of Prejudice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1954. Classic work on prejudice. Details the roots, variety, and expressions of prejudice and its impact on society.

_____. ABC’s of Scapegoating. New York: ADL of B’nai B’rith, Pamphlet. 1959. Analysis of scapegoating, various types, with recommendations for fighting its growth through education.

Edwards, Gabrielle I. Coping with Discrimination. New York: Rosen Group, 1986. Easy-to-read introduction to past and present discrimination, causes, results. Suggests ways that students can work to end it.

Feldstein, Stanley. The Poisoned Tongue. New York: William Morrow, 1972. Documentary history about various types of racist and anti-Semitic literature.

Fromm, Erich. The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness. Greenwich: Fawcett, 1973. People’s propensity for cruelty is discussed.

Mosse, George L. Toward the Final Solution: A History of European Racism. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1978. Development of stereotypes to racism to genocide.

Pascoe, Elaine. Racial Prejudice: Issues in American History. New York: Watts, 1985. Lingering effects of prejudice and the struggle for equality fought by African-Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics and Asians in the United States.


Being Fair and Being Free: A Human Relations Program for the Secondary School

20 reproducible activity sheets/grades 9-12/ADL and SSSS These activity sheets explore the origins and forms of prejudice and ways to combat it. Students learn about apartheid, persecution under Hitler, and Jim Crow laws in the United States.

Organized Bigotry: White Sheets and Swastikas

15 minutes/filmstrip (77 frames)/color/script/discussion guide/ADL

Nature of the Ku Klux Klan and the neo-Nazis in the U.S. is examined together with their philosophies, history, and the physical, moral and philosophical dangers they present to society.

Prejudice: Perceiving and Believing

28 minutes/color/videocassette/SSSS

Viewers are led through a self-examination of preconceptions held about racial, ethnic, and religious groups. Students examine their own prejudgments and gain insight into the origins of prejudice, bigotry, and sexism in society at large.


11 minutes/black and white/16 mm film/discussion guide/ADL

Puppet actor shows how villains, from Satan to Mussolini and Hitler used scapegoat technique to gain followers while duping them of their freedom.

Scapegoating/Impact of Prejudice

2 color filmstrips, 2 cassettes, guide/SSSS

Defines scapegoating, contrasts it with discrimination, shows historical scapegoating using case studies. Discusses educational, social, and economic forms of prejudice.

Stereotyping/Master Race Myth: Understanding Prejudice

2 color filmstrips, 2 cassettes, guide/SSSS

Explores the nature of prejudice, how it is formed, how it may be altered, how it affects the individual’s perspective, and how it differs from generalizing.

The Eye of the Storm

25 minutes/color/videocassette/16 mm film/ADL

Award-winning documentary of a third-grade teacher’s classroom experiment demonstrates dramatically the effects of discrimination. Class divided into brown-eyed group and blue-eyed group. One group is assigned privileges, the other group’s rights were restricted. Experiment shows psychological effect on people who are isolated, the fallacy of appearance as an indicator of ability, and the nature of prejudice.

The Prejudice Book: Activities for the Classroom

Teacher resource for grades 3-7/SSSS and ADL 37 progressive activities designed to allow students to perceive, understand, and deal with differences and prejudices inherent in diverse groups.

The Prejudice Film

28 minutes/color/videocassette/SSSS

Narrated by David Hartman, this program uses a series of vignettes showing various types of prejudice. Discussion of individual’s role in perpetuating or eradicating attitudes which result in discrimination against racial, ethnic, and religious groups.

The Wonderful World of Difference

20 reproducible activity sheets/guide/ADL and SSSS

Exploring the differences and similarities of people from diverse ethnic and racial backgrounds, the worksheets also alert students to the dangers of prejudice, and stress the importance of self-worth.

You’ve Got to be Taught to Hate

12 minutes/color and black and white/16 mm film/ADL

A primer on prejudice and the ways in which it is transmitted to children in their formative and adolescent years.

Chapter 3: Who are the Jews?


Ben-Sasson, H. H., et al. A History of the Jewish People. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1976.

Dawidowicz, Lucy S., ed. The Golden Tradition: Jewish Life and Thought in Eastern Europe. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967. Comprehensive anthology of the works of Eastern European Jews from the late 19th to the early 20th century.

Eban, Abba and Bamberger, David. My People: Abba Eban’s History of the Jewish People. New York: Behrman, 1979.

Encyclopedia Judaica. Jerusalem: Keter Publishing House, Ltd., 1975.

Encyclopedia of Jewish History. New York: Facts on File Publications, 1986.

Gilbert, Martin. Jewish History Atlas. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1976.

Grayzel, Solomon. A History of the Jews. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1968.

de Lange, Nicholas. Atlas of the Jewish World. New York: Facts on File Publications, 1984.

Johnson, Paul. A History of the Jews. New York: Harper & Row, 1987.

Margolis, Max L. and Marx, Alexander. A History of the Jewish People. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1947.

Patai, Raphael. The Vanished Worlds of Jewry. New York: Macmillan, 1980. Text and pictures describe changes in Jewish communities’ history, tradition, and folk life throughout Europe, Muslim lands of the Middle East and North Africa resulting from Holocaust, flight from Muslim lands, and “ingathering of the exiles” following the re-establishment of the State of Israel.

Roth, Cecil. A History of the Jews. New York: Schocken, 1961.

Sachar, Howard Morley. The Course of Modern Jewish History. New York: Dell, 1977. Historical survey of Jews from the time of the French Revolution to the present.

Vishniac, Roman. A Vanished World. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1983. Images of Jewish life in Eastern Europe 1934-1939 preserved in Vishniac’s photographs.

Wigoder, Geoffrey. The Encyclopedia of Judaism. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1989. Most recent published reference work with 1,500 articles in a single volume.


Echoes and Resonance

3 videocassettes/color/ADL

Jewish Presence in Civilization

42 minutes/discussion guide

Abba Eban gives an overview of the history of the Jewish people from biblical times to the present.

Perspective on the Jewish Presence

30 minutes/color

Panel discussion examines the causes for the flowering of Jewish creativity that followed on their entry into mainstream Western culture.

Bikel on Bikel

30 minutes/color

Theodore Bikel, internationally recognized folk-singer and actor, tells about his life and art, with emphasis on the characteristics of Jewish folk music, and demonstrates by playing and singing.

Heritage: Civilization and the Jews

8-part PBS television program/color/PBS (WNET)

Abba Eban, distinguished Israeli statesman, author, and scholar, narrates a comprehensive overview of the history of the Jewish people from Biblical times to present.

Image Before My Eyes

90 minutes/color/videocassette/YIVO

Documentary of Jewish life in Poland from late 19th century to the eve of the Holocaust.

Sentenced to Survival

90 minutes/color/videocassette/ADL

Documentary exploration into foundations of Judaism which have served as means of survival of the Jewish people through four thousand years and two major dispersions. Serves as a basic primer on Judaism.

The Camera of My Family

20 minutes/color/videocassette

An award-winning production telling the story of one upper-middle class German-Jewish family, four generations, 1845-1945, set against a search for personal identity.

The Jewish Experience

15 minutes/color/filmstrip (148 frames)/discussion guide/ADL

The story of the Jewish people told through the exhibits at Beth Hatefutsoth, the Museum of the Diaspora in Tel Aviv, Israel.

The Jewish Tradition

46 minutes/filmstrips on videocassette/guide/SSSS

In an examination of religion in human culture, this program considers such aspects of historical and contemporary Jewish life as the contrasts among Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform Judaism; anti-Semitism; and the Israeli state.

The World’s Great Religions: Judaism


Drawn from picture files of Time, Inc., this filmstrip explores the basic beliefs, traditions, and philosophies of Judaism.

Chapter 4: Classical and Christian Anti-Semitism


Arendt, Hannah. Anti-Semitism. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968.

Arnold, Caroline and Silverstein, Herma. Anti-Semitism: A Modern Perspective. New York: Messner, 1985. Comprehensive view of anti-Semitism, its history, and forms of expression.

Bentley, Erich, ed. The Storm over “The Deputy.” New York: Grove Press, 1964. Rolf Hochhuth’s play, “The Deputy” indicts an historical personality for his silence in the face of the inhumanity of culture that persecuted the Jews. Bentley pulls together documents and information for examination of the ensuing controversy.

Eckardt, A. Roy. Your People, My People. New York: Quadrangle, 1974. Examines relationships between Christians and Jews, noting particularly the relationships between anti-Semitism and Christian teaching.

Falk, Harvey. Jesus The Pharisee: A New Look at the Jewishness of Jesus. New York: Paulist Press, 1985.

Flannery, Edward. The Anguish of the Jews: Twenty-Three Centuries of Anti-Semitism. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1965. Study of Christian anti-Semitism by a Catholic Priest.

Glassman, Samuel. Epic Survival: The Story of Anti-Semitism. New York: Bloch, 1981. Survey since the 5th century B.C.E. showing that anti-Semitism has changed little until the arrival of the Holocaust.

Glock, Charles Y. and Star, Rodney. Christian Beliefs in Anti-Semitism. New York: Harper & Row, 1966.

Gold, Judith Taylor. Monsters and Madonnas: The Roots of Christian Anti-Semitism. New York: New Amsterdam, 1988.

Hagner, Donald A. The Jewish Reclamation of Jesus. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1984. An analysis and critique of the modern Jewish study of Jesus.

Hay, Malcolm. The Foot of Pride. Boston: Beacon Press, 1951. Interesting survey of anti-Semitism, strong on the Christian roots, by a Catholic historian.

Hertzberg, Arthur. The Age of Enlightenment. New York: Columbia University Press, 1968.

Leaney, A. R. C. The Jewish & Christian World 200 B.C. to A.D. 200 (Volume 7 of the Cambridge Commentaries on Writings of the Jewish & Christian World). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Littell, Franklin. The Crucifixion of the Jews. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.

Parkes, James. Anti-Semitism. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1969. Balanced attempt to trace the Christian roots of modern anti-Semitism in the late Classical and early Medieval period.

Parkes, James. The Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue: A Study in the Origins of Anti-Semitism. New York: Atheneum, 1969. Traces classical and Christian anti-Semitism.

Poliakov, Leon. The History of Anti-Semitism, Vols. I and II. New York: Vanguard Press, 1965.

Prager, Dennis and Telushkin, Joseph. Why the Jews? The Reason for Anti-Semitism. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1983.

Trachtenberg, Joshua. The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1943. An excellent study of the demonic aspects of Christian anti-Semitism.

Yinger, J. Milton. Anti-Semitism: A Case Study in Prejudice and Discrimination. New York: ADL, 1964. Force of prejudice and anti-Semitism depicted in a scholarly account.


Jesus in Jewish and Christian Literature

30 minutes/color/videocassette/ADL

Christian and Jewish scholars discuss the changing portrayal of Jesus in Jewish and Christian literature.

Oberammergau: The Passion Story and the Jews

20 minutes/color/16 mm film/videocassette/ADL

Account of the 1980 preview of the Oberammergau Passion Play by an invited delegation of ADL, and discussions among delegates as well as encounters with Mayor of Oberammergau and the monk who supervised the script. Excellent discussion starter for an investigation into the roots of anti-Semitism and its link to the deicide charge.

Chapter 5: Modern Anti-Semitism


Arendt, Hannah. Anti-Semitism. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1968.

Arendt shows the central importance of anti-Semitism to the ideology and of concentration camps in the organization of the totalitarian system.

Cohn, Norman. Warrant for Genocide: The Myth of the Jewish World Conspiracy and the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. New York: Harper & Row, 1967. Brilliant investigation of Nazi anti-Semitism. Scholarly study traces the fabrication and dissemination of the forgery known as The Protocols of the Elders of Zion and argues that the Nazi racialist doctrine is a secularized version of medieval demonological anti-Semitism.

Friedman, Saul S. The Oberammergau Passion Play: A Lance Against Civilization. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1984.

Gordon, Sarah. Hitler, Germans and the Jewish Question. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Mosse, George. Germans and Jews. New York: Fertig, 1970. Collection of essays that probes the intellectual roots of German totalitarianism with special emphasis on the role of anti-Semitism and the position of German Jews.

Pulzer, P. G. J. The Rise of Political Anti-Semitism in Germany and Austria. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1964. Brief history of anti-Semitism in German lands. Includes the more virulent Austrian variety.

Samuel, Maurice. The Great Hatred. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1948. Traces the connection between Christian and Nazi Jew-hatred.

_____. Blood Accusation. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1966. Narrative about one of the most famous “blood ritual” trials occurring in Czarist Russia.

Schorach, Ismar. Jewish Reactions to German Anti-Semitism 1870-1914. New York: Columbia University Press, and the Jewish Publication Society, 1972. First scholarly attempt to probe the Jewish reactions to modern anti-Semitism.

Tal, Uriel. Christians and Jews in Germany: Religion, Politics and Ideology in the Second Reich, 1870-1914. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1975. Major scholarly study of anti-Semitism in Imperial Germany before the first World War.

Tcherikover, Victor. Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews. New York: Atheneum, 1985.


The Little Falls Incident

7 minutes/color/16 mm film/discussion guide/ADL

WCBS-TV reporter interviews people involved in an anti-Semitic incident in a Little Falls, New Jersey junior high school. Eighth grade Jewish girl who was the victim, her classmates, her mother, her teacher, and the school principal. Reveals lingering anti-Semitism in our society, and apathy of many.

Chapter 6: Adolf Hitler


Arendt, Hannah. Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1968.

Bullock, Alan. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.

Fest, Joachim. The Face of the Third Reich. New York: Pantheon Books, 1970. Written by one of the best contemporary German historians. Discusses the careers of many leading Nazis.

Flood, C. B. Hitler: The Path to Power. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1989.

Gordon, Sarah. Hitler, Germans, and the Jewish Question. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Grunberger, Richard. Hitler’s S.S. New York: Dell, 1971. Paper. Comprehensive study of the background, psychology and practices of the S.S.

Grunberger, Richard. The Twelve-Year Reich: A Social History of Nazi Germany, 1933-1945. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1971.

Heiden, Konrad. Der F_ehrer. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1944.

Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1943.

Kracauer, Siegfried. From Caligari to Hitler. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1947. Presents the thesis that the German films of the 1920s were filled with premonitions of the totalitarianism of the 1930s, and that Hitler arose as the resolution of the psychological dilemnas reflected in these films.

Langer, Walter. The Mind of Adolf Hitler. New York: Signet Books, 1972. The first psychological profile of Hitler, commissioned by the U.S. Intelligence Service of the 1940s.

Toland, J. Adolf Hitler. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976. The author used interviews of people connected with Hitler for this extensive study.

Trevor-Roper, H. The Last Days of Hitler. London: Collier, 1962.

Waite, Robert G. L. The Psychopathic God: Adolf Hitler. New York: New American Library, 1977. Waite built on Langer’s work in this psychological study.


Black Fox

89 minutes/black and white/16 mm film/Capri

Documentary film on Adolf Hitler.

Causes of World War II

47 minutes/color/filmstrips on video/guide/SSSS

Part 1 focuses on the 1920s, the Treaty of Versailles, the impact of the Russian Revolution, the rise of fascism in Italy, and the events leading to National Socialism in Germany. Part 2 examines the 1930s: Hitler’s rise to power, the formation of the Axis, attempts at appeasement, worldwide effects of the Depression, militarism in Japan, Spanish Civil War, and outbreak of war up to Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Fascism Rise of Hitler :Western Man and the Modern World

44 minutes/color/3 filmstrips on video/guide/SSSS Documents the events and strategies that led Hitler from obscurity in 1919 to complete control of Germany in 1933.

Mein Kampf

119 minutes/black and white/16 mm film/ABF

The Life of Adolf Hitler

101 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS Archival stills and films have been edited to present Hitler’s early life, rise to power and reign of terror over Nazi Germany.

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

30 minutes/black and white/16 mm film/ADL

Part I: The Rise of Hitler. How Hitler and his cohorts in the Nazi party manipulated events during Germany’s crises to gain power.

The World at War Series

52 minutes/color/videocassette/book/SSSS

A New Germany 1933-1939: Volume I. Following defeat in World War I and a deep depression, Germany turns to hope promised by the Nazis. Hitler seizes power, book burning and anti-Jewish legislation take place, and Germany rearms as Europe watches apprehensively. Narrated by Sir Laurence Olivier.

Chapter 7: Nazi Fascism and the Modern Totalitarian State


Abel, Theodore. The Nazi Movement. New York: Atherton, 1966.

Allen, William S. The Nazi Seizure of Power: The Experience of a Single German Town, 1930-35. Chicago: The U. of Chicago Press, 1965.

Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. 2nd rev. ed., Cleveland and New York: World (Meridian Paperbacks), 1958. Analysis of the genesis and nature of Nazi and Stalin totalitarianism.

Bullock, Alan. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. New York: Harper & Row, 1962.

Fest, Joachim C. The Face of the Third Reich, Portraits of the Nazi Leadership. New York: Pantheon, 1970.

Herzstein, Robert E. Adolf Hitler and the German Trauma, 1913-1945: An Interpretation of the Nazi Phenomenon. New York: Perigee-Putnam, 1974.

_____. The War That Hitler Won. New York: Putnam’s, 1978. Goebbels’ propaganda machinery and terrorization of the mass mind of Germany.

Hillgruber, Andreas. Germany and the Two World Wars. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982. Exploration of disputed guilt of Germany in starting two world wars, including Hitler’s part.

Komjathy, Anthony and Stockwell, Rebecca. German Minorities and the Third Reich. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1980.

Kruger, Horst. The Crack in the Wall, Growing Up Under Hitler. New York: Fromm International, 1982.

Lilge, Frederic. The Abuse of Learning: The Failure of the German University. New York: Macmillan, 1948.

Merkl, Peter H. The Making of a Stormtrooper. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980. How stormtroopers contributed to Hitler’s takeover of Germany and of Europe.

Mosse, George L. The Crisis of German Ideology: Intellectual Origins of the Third Reich. New York: Schocken, 1981 (1964). –

____-. Nazi Culture. New York: Schocken, 1981 (1966). Raab, Earl. The Anatomy of Nazism. New York: ADL, 1961. Brief account of the background, philosophy, and elements of Nazism.

Reich, Wilhelm. The Mass Psychology of Fascism. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1970. Suppression of primary biological needs and impulses of humans over years leads to irrational character structure in fascism.

Reitlinger, Gerald. The S.S.: Alibi of a Nation 1922-1945. New York: Viking Press, 1968. Origin and function of the S.S. during World War II by an eminent German historian.

Rhodes, Anthony. Propaganda: The Art of Persuasion: World War II. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1980. All forms of propaganda used by the Allied and Axis powers during World War II described and illustrated.

Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1960. History as observed by perceptive journalist.

Taylor, Telford. Sword and Swastika: Generals and Nazis in the Third Reich. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1952. U.S. prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials records history of the German army in the Third Reich.

Weinstein, Fred. The Dynamics of Nazism: Leadership, Ideology and the Holocaust. New York: Academic Press, 1980.

Wheeler-Bennett, John W. The Nemesis of Power: The German Army in Politics, 1918-1945. London: Macmillan, 1953.

Zeman, Z. A. B. Nazi Propaganda. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.


The Rise and Fall of Nazi Germany

40 photo aids/black and white/11” x 14”/SSSS

These photographs on heavy glossy stock show the life of Hitler and the many activities of his Third Reich.

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

30 minutes/black and white/16 mm film/ADL

Part II: Nazi Germany: Years of Triumph. Depicts Germany from 1933-1939 and how 67 million people permitted themselves to become puppets of the Third Reich.

Triumph of the Will

110 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Riefenstahl’s propaganda documentary of the 1934 Nazi Party Congress at Nuremberg. Study of Nazi leaders in action. Demonstrates use of propaganda in molding public opinion. Teacher’s reference guide.

World War II Series

black and white/filmstrip/cassette/guide/SSSS

The Rise of Fascism in Europe.

Chapter 8: The First Steps Leading to the “Final Solution”


Abel, Theodore. Why Hitler Came to Power. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1986.

Allen, William S. The Nazi Seizure of Power: The Experience of a Single German Town, 1930-35. Chicago: The U. of Chicago Press, 1965.

Altshuler, David S. Hitler’s War Against the Jews: The Holocaust. New York: Behrman House, 1978. For young readers, adapted from Lucy Dawidowicz’s War Against the Jews.

Beyerchen, Alan D. Scientists Under Hitler. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1982.

Breitman, Richard. German Socialism and Weimar Democracy. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1981. Study integrating the history of the German Social Democratic Party and the Weimar Republic. The S.D.P.’s ability to control events was greatly weakened by its conflicting loyalties to Marxism and to the Republic.

Conway, John S. The Nazi Persecution of the Churches, 1933-1945. New York: Basic Books, 1968.

Craig, Gordon A. The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640-1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964. Role of the army in German history and its negative influence on political reform during the 19th century. Extensive documentation, particularly of the secret rearmament program of the 1920s and the military’s role in the Nazi era.

Dobkowski, Michael N. and Wallimann, Isidor. Towards the Holocaust: The Social and Economic Collapse of the Weimar Republic. Wesport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983.

Engelmann, Bernt. In Hitler’s Germany: Everyday Life in the Third Reich. New York: Pantheon, 1986.

Graber, G. S. The History of the S.S. New York: Grosset and Dunlop, 1978.

Gurian, Waldemar. Hitler and the Christians. New York: Sheed & Ward, 1936.

Grunberger, Richard. The Twelve-Year Reich: A Social History of Nazi Germany, 1933-1945. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1971.

Hale, Oron J. The Captive Press in the Third Reich. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1964.

Pinson, Koppel S. Modern Germany: Its History and Civilization. New York: Macmillan, 1954.

Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1960.

Snyder, Louis L. Hitler’s Third Reich, a Documentary History. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1981.

_____., ed. Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976. Valuable one-volume handbook.

Weinreich, Max. Hitler’s Professors: The Part of Scholarship in Germany’s Crimes Against the Jewish People. New York: Yiddish Scientific Institute, 1946.

Wyman, David S. Paper Walls: America and the Refugee Crisis 1938-1941. New York: Pantheon Books, 1985.



123 minutes/color/Cinema Guild.

Social life in Weimar Germany with some powerful scenes showing the slow rise of the Nazis.

Lilly: An Eyewitness Account of the Annexation of Austria

26 minutes/color and black and white/videocassette/SSSS

A Holocaust survivor shares with high school students her memories of the tragic disruption of her comfortable life in Vienna after Hitler invaded Austria.

Nazi Germany: Years of Triumph

28 minutes/black and white/Anti-Defamation League

Germany between 1933 and 1939 with little resistance to Hitler’s conquest in Eastern Europe until the Allies resisted.

Ship of Fools

149 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

1965 movie of the 1933 voyage of a luxury liner sailing from Vera Cruz to Bremerhaven with passengers whose weakness in view of the Nazi threat provides commentary on the human condition. Based on Katherine Porter’s novel.

Triumph of the Will

120 minutes/black and white/Social Studies School Service 1934 Nazi Party rally in Nuremberg directed by Leni Riefenstahl as a propaganda film.

Chapter 9: The Seeds of War and World Conquest


Abel, Theodore. The Nazi Movement. New York: Atherton, 1965.

Dawidowicz, Lucy S. A Holocaust Reader. New York: Behrman House, 1976.

Delarue, Jacques. The Gestapo, A History of Horror. New York: Morrow, 1964.

Deuel, Wallace R. People Under Hitler. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1942.

Deutsch, Harold C. Hitler and His Generals, the Hidden Crisis, January-June, 1938. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1974.

Goebbels, Joseph. The Goebbels Diaries. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1948.

Green, Gerald. The Holocaust. New York: Bantam Books, 1978. From 1933 to 1945 a Jewish physician and his family are brutalized by the Nazis in this novel which was based on the television series.

Kamenetsky, Ihor. Secret Nazi Plans for Eastern Europe. New Haven, CT: College and University Press, 1961.

Kruger, Horst. The Crack in the Wall, Growing Up Under Hitler. New York: Fromm International, 1982.

Merkl, Peter H. Political Violence Under the Swastika: 581 Early Nazis. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Poole, Kenyon E. German Financial Policies, 1937-1939. New York: Gordon Press, 1977.

Schoenburger, Gerhard. The Yellow Star: The Persecution of the Jews in Europe, 1933-1945. New York: Bantam, 1973.

Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1960.

Thalmann, Rita and Feinermann, Emanuel. Crystal Night. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1974; Holocaust Library, 1980. Planning, implementation, and responses of some major powers to Kristallnacht.


Border Street

70 minutes/black and white/16 mm film/JWB

Fictionalized story of Jews and non-Jews in Warsaw during the Nazi occupation

Joseph Schultz

14 minutes/color/ADL

Moral choice vs. obedience to authority must be resolved by Joseph Shultz when he is ordered to execute a group of villages. He joins them at the wall and is executed.

The Fifth Horseman is Fear

100 minutes/black and white/Available in subtitled and dubbed versions/Films,

Inc.. Nazi takeover of Prague is shown in this Czech film.

The World at War: Inside the Reich 1940-1944: Volume 16

52 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

German forces have conquered Western Europe by the summer of 1940, German cities are still untouched, luxury goods and available in Germany, confidence that the war is over.

Voyage of the Damned

158 minutes/color/Swank

Story of the S.S.St. Louis.

Chapter 10: The “Final Solution”


Abrahamson, Irving, ed. Against Silence: The Voice and Vision of Elie Wiesel. New York: Holocaust Library, 1985, 3 volumes. Selections from lectures and writings of Elie Wiesel.

Altshuler, David A. Hitler’s War Against the Jews: The Holocaust. New York: Behrman House, 1978.

Apenszlak, Jacob, ed. The Black Book of Polish Jewry: An Account of the Martyrdom of Polish Jewry Under Nazi Occupation. New York: Fertig, 1982 (1943).

Arad, Yitzhak, et al, eds. Documents on the Holocaust: Selected Sources on the Destruction of Jews in Germany, Austria, Poland and the Soviet Union. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1981.Collection elaborated by narrative.

Blackbook of Localities Where Jewish Population Was Exterminated by the Nazis. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1965.

Borowski, Tadeusz. This Way to the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen, and Other Stories. (Translated from the Polish). New York: Viking Press, 1967. Collection of short stories showing the horrors of Auschwitz.

Chartock, Roselle and Spencer, Jack, eds. The Holocaust Years: Society on Trial. New York: Bantam, 1978. Collection of readings on the Holocaust.

Chary, Frederick B. The Bulgarian Jews and the Final Solution, 1940-1944. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1972. Story of the Bulgarian Jews, most of whom escaped the Holocaust.

Cohen, Dr. Elie A. Human Behavior in the Concentration Camp. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1953. Psychological study of concentration camp prisoners and the S.S. as well as medical aspects¢disease and experimentation.

Czerniakow, Adam. The Warsaw Diary of Adam Czerniakow. New York: Stein & Day, 1979; Scarborough, 1982. Czerniakow, chairman of the Warsaw Judenrat, kept a secret journal documenting the agony of the Warsaw ghetto before its half-million people were annihilated.

Delbo, Charlotte. None of Us Will Return. Boston: Beacon Press, 1968. One woman’s struggle for survival in a death camp.

Des Pres, Terence. The Survivor, an Anatomy of Life in the Death Camps. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Donat, Alexander. The Holocaust Kingdom, A Memoir. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1965.

_____, ed. The Death Camp Treblinka. New York: Holocaust Publications, 1979.

Eisenberg, Azriel. The Lost Generation: Children in the Holocaust. Princeton, NJ: Pilgrim, 1982.

_____. Witness to the Holocaust. Princeton, NJ: Pilgrim Press, 1981. Documents, testimonies, and memoirs of Jews and Christians.

Fisher, Josey G., ed. The Persistence of Youth: Oral Testimonies of the Holocaust. Westport: Meckler Corp., to be published 1990. Fifteen first-hand accounts of growing up during the Holocaust, from the Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive.

Frank, Anne. Diary of a Young Girl. New York: Doubleday, 1967. Gilbert, Martin. Final Journey. New York: Mayflower Books, 1979. Fate of Jews in various European communities.

_____. Atlas of the Holocaust. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1982. Over 300 detailed maps are combined with photographs to show the massive scope of Hitler’s “final solution”.

Glatstein, Jacob, ed. Anthology of Holocaust Literature. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1977. Informative range of writings by eyewitnesses and survivors.

Hersch, Giselle and Mann, Peggy. “Giselle, Save the Children!” Pasadena, CA: Everest House, 1980. Autobiography of Holocaust survival through Auschwitz.

Keneally, Thomas. Schindler’s List. New York: Penguin, 1983. Cunning German industrialist saved Jews from the gas chambers.

Klein, Gerda Weissman. All But My Life. New York: Hill and Wang, 1971. Autobiography of teenaged slave laborer under the Nazis.

Laqueur, Walter. The Terrible Secret: Suppression of the Truth About Hitler’s “Final Solution”. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.

Leitner, Isabella. Fragments of Isabella. New York: Dell, 1978. A memoir of the author’s experiences at Auschwitz sensitively told.

Levi, Primo. Survival in Auschwitz. New York: Collier, 1958. Italian chemist recounts his personal experience in Auschwitz.

Lifton, Robert Jay. The Nazi Doctors: Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1986.

Manvell, Roger. S.S. and Gestapo. New York: Ballantine, 1969. How the S.S. and Gestapo functioned in the death camps and in the East.

Mermelstein, Mel. By Bread Alone. Los Angeles: Crescent Publications, 1979. Survivor’s account of his experience in a series of concentration camps.

Muller, Filip. Eyewitness Auschwitz. New York: Stein & Day, 1979. Member of the Sonderkommando at Auschwitz tells his story of survival after working three years at the gas chambers.

Oberski, Jona. Childhood. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1983. Young Dutch child survives Westerbrook and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps.

Poliakov, Leon and Sabille, Jacques. Jews Under the Italian Occupation. New York: Fertig, 1983 (1955).

Presser, Jacob. The Destruction of the Dutch Jewry. New York: Dutton, 1969.

Reitlinger, Gerald R. Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate the Jews of Europe, 1939-1945. New York: A. S. Barnes, 1961 (1953).

Ringelblum, Emmanuel. Notes from the Warsaw Ghetto: The Journal of Emmanuel Ringelbaum. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1958. Historian in the ghetto keeps contemporary eye-witness account.

Sandberg, Moshe. My Longest Year: In the Hungarian Labor Service and in the Nazi Camps. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1968.

Sereny, Gitta. Into that Darkness. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974. Insight into behavior of Nazi camp commandants, operation of the death camps and the Nazi “Euthanasia Program”.

Siegel, Aranka. Upon the Head of the Goat: A Childhood in Hungary 1939-1944. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1981. Hungarian teenage girl survives ghetto life, Auschwitz, and Bergen-Belsen.

Wells, Leon W. The Death Brigade. New York: Schocken, 1980 (1946).

Wiesel, Elie. Night. New York: Hill and Wang. Avon Books, 1972. Personal account of Wiesel’s years in concentration camps and the loss of his family.

Zyskind, Sara. Struggle. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1989. Chronicle of a Polish teenage boy and his life in Poland before 1939, life in the ghetto, life in Auschwitz.



9 minutes/black and white/videocassette

A group of children, with their teacher, are being held in a barbed wire enclosure just before being forced into an extermination van. Attitudes of the children, their teacher, and their guards and murderers will stimulate classroom discussion.

Au Revoir Les Enfants

103 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Documents the story of a Catholic schoolboy and his Jewish friend who is being sheltered by a French priest. After an act of betrayal, the Gestapo deports the Jewish boy and the priest to Auschwitz.


(see Audio Visual reference for Chapter 1)

Genocide: World at War, Volume 20

(see Audio Visual reference for Chapter 1)

Just a Diary

30 minutes/color/videocassette/SSSS

Chronicles the life story of Anne Frank from the perspective of a 17-year-old Dutch girl who played the part in a recent stage performance. Includes historical footage, family photos, persecution of Jews under Hitler, and the horrors of the Nazi camps.

Memory of the Camps

60 minutes/black and white/videocassette/PBS (WNET)

Original footage shot by British army photographers as the Allies entered Nazi camps in 1945 on liberation. Documents the gas chambers, medical experiments, and death camps of Bergen-Belsen, Dachau, Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Ebensee, and others. Narration by Trevor Howard. Commentary from PBS “Frontline” program, May 7, 1985. Very graphic scenes of mass burials, civilians forced to watch burials.

Nazi Concentration Camps

59 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Official film record of the Nazi death camps as photographed by Allied liberation forces in 1945. U.S. Signal Corps photography.


(see Audio Visual reference for Chapter 1)

The Boat is Full

104 minutes/black and white/videocassette/in German with English subtitles/SSSS

Story of a group of Jewish refugees trying to get to Switzerland from Nazi Germany. Forced back to the German border¢not by Nazis, but by ordinary citizens indifferent to their plight.

The Diary of Anne Frank

151 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Anne Frank and her family attempt to escape Nazi persecution by hiding in an attic for two years.

The Story of Chaim Rumkowski and the Jews of Lodz

55 minutes/black and white/16 mm film/CG

Compelling documentary about how Rumkowski administered the Lodz ghetto under the control of the Nazis.

The Wannsee Conference

87 minutes/color/in German with English subtitles/videocassette/SSSS

Re-creation of events of January 20, 1942, when 14 members of Hitler’s hierarchy got together in secrecy at Wannsee to discuss methods, technology, and logistics of effecting the “Final Solution to the Jewish Problem.”

The Warsaw Ghetto

51 minutes/black and white/videocassette/TLMM

Alexander Bernfes, a ghetto survivor, narrates. Video includes creation of the ghetto, early Nazi propaganda (Jews living in relative luxury in ghetto), scenes from everyday life, and the final ten-day resistance.

The World of Anne Frank

28 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Docu-drama highlighted by dramatic recreations from Anne’s diary, interspersed with rare documentary film footage, photographs and interviews with Otto Frank, Anne’s father, Miep Gies and Mr. “Kraler,” the latter two who had risked their lives to hide the Frank family.

Witneses to the Holocaust: The Trial of Adolf Eichmann

90 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Combines courtroom testimony of Eichmann and other eyewitnesses with archival footage. Gives viewers insight into scope of Eichmann’s personal responsibility for the “crimes against humanity,” but also provides a listing record of this public examination of the Holocaust.

Chapter 11: Resisters, Rescuers, and Bystanders


Ainsztein, Reuben. Jewish Resistance in Nazi Occupied Europe, with an Historical Survey of the Jew as Fighter and Soldier in the Diaspora. New York: Harper & Row, 1974. Detailed evidence of Jewish underground in the ghettos and concentration camps.

_____. The Warsaw Ghetto Revolt. New York: Schocken, 1979.

Anger, Per. With Raoul Wallenberg in Budapest. New York: Schocken, 1981.

Arad, Yitzhak. Ghetto in Flames: The Struggle and Destruction of the Jews in Vilna in the Holocaust. New York: Ktav, 1981.

Arnold, Eliot. A Kind of Secret Weapon. New York: Scribner, 1969. How ordinary people in Denmark fight the Nazi occupation of their country.

Atkinson, Linda. In Kindling Flame: The Story of Hannah Senesh, 1921-1944. New York: Lothrop, Lee & Shepard, 1985. Young Hungarian woman who emigrated to Palestine in 1939, returned by parachute to Hungary during the Holocaust on a rescue mission, was captured and executed by the Nazis.

Bar Oni, Bryan. The Vapro. Chicago: Visual Impact, Inc., 1976. Survival of a young girl as a Jewish partisan in Polish forests near her home.

Bartoszewski, Wladyslaw and Lewin, Zofia, eds. Righteous Among Nations: How Poles Helped the Jews, 1939-1945. London: Earlscourt Publications, 1969.

Bauer, Yehuda. Flight and Rescue: Brichah, The Organized Escape of the Jewish Survivors of Eastern Europe, 1944-1948. New York: Random House, 1970. How almost 300,000 Jewish survivors were saved through an underground movement.

Bernheim, Mark. Father of the Orphans: The Story of Janusz Korczak. New York: Dutton, 1988. Biography of Janusz Korczak, who chose to follow his orphans first into the Warsaw ghetto and then to Treblinka.

Costanza, Mary S. The Living Witness: Art in the Concentration Camps and Ghettos. New York: Free Press, 1982.

Feingold, Henry L. The Politics of Rescue: The Roosevelt Administration and the Holocaust, 1938-1945. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1970. Failure of U.S. foreign policies to deal with the realities of the Holocaust.

Flannery, Edward H. The Anguish of the Jews. New York: Macmillan, 1965.

Flender, Harold. Rescue in Denmark. New York: Holocaust Library, 1963.

Friedman, Philip. Their Brothers’ Keepers: The Christian Heroes and Heroines Who Helped the Oppressed Escape the Nazi Terror. New York: Crown, 1957.

Friedman, Saul S. No Haven for the Oppressed. Detroit: Wayne State U. Press, 1973.

Goldstein, Charles. The Bunker. New York: Atheneum, 1973. How one man survived both the Warsaw ghetto and the Warsaw uprising by living four months in a bunker.

Gutman, Yisrael and Zuroff, Efraim, eds. Rescue Attempts During the Holocaust. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1977; New York: Ktav, 1979.

Proceedings of the Second Yad Vashem International Historical Conference, Jerusalem, April 8-11, 1974.

Hallie, Philip P. Lest Innocent Blood Be Shed. New York: Harper & Row, 1979. People of the village of Le Chambon, France, led by their pastor, rescue Jews from the Nazis.

Hochhuth, Rolf. The Deputy. New York: Grove Press, 1964. Role of Pope Pius XII during the Holocaust depicted in a controversial play.

Hoffman, Judy. Joseph and Me: In The Days of the Holocaust. Hoboken: Ktav Publishing House, 1979. Experiences of two Jewish children living in hiding with Christian Dutch foster families during World War II.

Keneally, Thomas. Schindler’s List. New York: Penguin, 1983.

Kluger, Ruth and Mann, Peggy. The Last Escape: The Launching of the Largest Secret Rescue Attempt of All Times. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1973. How a woman organized rescue of Jews by boats on the Danube and in the Mediterranean.

Kowalski, Isaac. A Secret Press in Nazi Europe: The Story of a Jewish United Partisan Organization. New York: Central Guide Publishers, 1969. Resistance in Vilna and surrounding areas of Lithuania.

Kuper, Jack. Child of the Holocaust. New York: New American Library, 1987. Child’s will to survive poignantly depicted in autobiography of a nine-year-old Jewish boy hiding with peasants to escape Nazi death squads in Poland.

Lambert, Gilles. Operation Hazalah. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1974. Thousands of Hungarian Jews helped by young Zionists to escape massacre in the closing days of World War II.

Latour, Anny. The Jewish Resistance in France (1940-1944). New York: Schocken, 1981.

Laqueur, Walter. The Terrible Secret: Suppression of the Truth About Hitler’s “Final Solution”. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.

Lipstadt, Deborah E. Beyond Belief: The American Press and the Coming of the Holocaust 9133-1945. New York: The Free Press (Macmillan), 1986. Scholarly study of the American press and the Holocaust. Judicious indictment of American indifference in both government and the press to the destruction of European Jewry.

Lustig, Arnost. Darkness Casts No Shadow. New York: Avon Books, 1977. Thrilling novel about an escape from a Nazi death train.

Marrus, Michael R. Unwanted: European Refugees in the Twentieth Century. New York-Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Marrus, Michael R. and Paxton, Robert O. Vichy France and the Jews. New York: Schocken Books, 1983.

McCarthy, Edward V., Jr. The Pied Piper of Helfenstein. New York: Doubleday, 1975. Hundreds of children are rescued from Nazi concentration camps.

Mystery. Meed, Vladka. On Both Sides of the Wall. New York: Schocken, 1979. Memoir of a survivor of the Warsaw ghetto who served as a Jewish resistance courier and paymaster, using false identity papers.

Meltzer, Milton. Rescue: The Story of How Gentiles Saved Jews in the Holocaust. New York: Harper & Row, 1988.

Morley, John E. Vatican Diplomacy and the Jews During the Holocaust 1939-1943. New York: Ktav, 1980. Using previously unpublished materials from the Vatican archives, Morley presents country-by-country analysis.

Morse, Arthur D. While Six Million Died: A Chronicle of American Apathy. New York: Random House, 1968; Hart, 1975. How the United States and Britain deliberately obstructed attempts to rescue European Jews from Hitler’s “Final Solution”.

Novitch, Miriam. Sobibor, Martyrdom and Revolt. New York: Schocken, 1980.

Papanek, Ernst and Linn, Edward. Out of the Fire. New York: Morrow, 1975. Austrian psychologist saves Jewish children in southern France during World War II.

Perl, William R. The Holocaust Conspiracy: An International Policy of Genocide. New York: Shapolsky Publishers, 1989. Extensive documentation is used to prove deliberate action on the part of many nations that kept millions of those destined for murder, prisoners in a hostile Europe.

Porter, Jack N., ed. Jewish Partisans, a Documentary of Jewish Resistance in the Soviet Union During World War II. 2 vols. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1982.

Prager, Moshe. Sparks of Glory. New York: Shengold, 1974. Rabbis and others provide support during the Holocaust.

Rashke, Richard. Escape from Sobibor, the Heroic Story of the Jews who Escaped from a Nazi Death Camp. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982.

Rittner, Carol and Myers, Sondra. The Courage to Care. New York: New York University Press, 1986.

Rose, Leesha. The Tulips Are Red. South Brunswick, NJ: A. S. Barnes, 1979. Caring for over one hundred people in hiding by teenage Jewish girl in the Dutch resistance.

Ross, Robert W. So It Was True: The American Protestant Press and the Nazi Persecution of the Jews. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980. Events of the Holocaust as portrayed in newspaper articles across the U.S.

Samuels, Gertrude. Mottele. New York: Signet, 1976. Boy’s experiences with the partisans in the forests of Eastern Europe.

Scholl, Inge. Students Against Tyranny: The Resistance of the White Rose, Munich, 1942-1943. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1983. Famous German student resistance movement to Nazism.

Schneider, Gertrude. Journey Into Fear: Story of the Riga Ghetto. New York: Ark House, 1980.

Stadtler, Bea. The Holocaust: A History of Courage and Resistance. West Orange, NJ: Behrman, 1975.

Steiner, Jean-Fran_ois. Treblinka. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1967. Documentary novel about the Treblinka death camp, including the revolt.

Suhl, Yuri, ed. They Fought Back: The Story of Jewish Resistance in Nazi Europe. New York: Schocken, 1975. Thirty-three cases of resisters.

Syrkin, Marie. Blessed Is The Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1948.

Tec, Nechama. When Light Pierced the Darkness: Christian Rescue of Jews in Nazi-Occupied Poland. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. Sociological study of human behavior during the Holocaust examines 500 case studies of Christian Poles who risked their lives to help.

Thomas, Gordon and Witts, Max Morgan. Voyage of the Damned. New York: Stein and Day, 1974. Story of the voyage of the ship the St. Louis.

Trunk, Isaiah. Judenrat. New York: Stein & Day, 1977. Definitive study of the role of Jewish communal leaders in the ghetto.

Weisberg, Alex. Desperate Mission. New York: Criterion Books, 1958. Joel Brand’s mission to save Hungarian Jews in 1944 involving a “blood for trucks” exchange with Adolf Eichmann.

Wyman, David S. The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust, 1941-1945. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984. Definitive work detailing how the United States refused to help rescue the Jews of Europe until very late in the war.

Yahil, Leni. The Rescue of Danish Jewry. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1969.


Act of Faith

28 minutes/black and white/16 mm film/videocassette/ADL

Account of the role played by the Danish people in saving their Jewish countrymen from Nazi extermination.

As If It Were Yesterday

85 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Documents interviews of Belgians who risked their lives to hide, place, or help 4,000 Jewish children escape being killed during the Nazi occupation.

Avenue of the Just

55 minutes/color/16 mm film/videocassette/ADL

Describes the tree-lined walk at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem with each tree bearing the name of a Christian who saved Jewish lives during the Hitler period. Ten of these honored people, and some of the survivors, tell their stories.

Bonhoeffer: Memories and Perspectives

90 minutes/black and white/videocassette/VV

Dietrich Bonhoeffer as a leader in the Confession Church in pre-World War II Germany as active in the German resistance to Nazism.

Conspiracy of Hearts

113 minutes/black and white/feature film/ADL

In 1943 a group of nuns in a Northern Italy convent help Jewish children escape from a local detention camp.

The Courage to Care

30 minutes/color/video cassette/ADL

A film about six individuals who knowingly risked their lives to rescue Jews during the Holocaust.


106 minutes/color/videocassettes/SSSS

Award-winning production said to be first feature film on Holocaust directed in Germany by a German Jew. David and his family live in Germany during the rise of the Nazis. A teenager, David maintains his pride and joy in his Jewishness, even as members of his family disappear. Two Germans hide David and help him escape to Palestine.

Flames in the Ashes

90 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Survivors in voiceovers documentary footage tell of the many ways that Jews resisted the Nazis.

Memory of a Moment

10 minutes/color/videocassette/ADL

Reunion of a survivor of Buchenwald, Robert Waisman, and Leon Bass, an African-American, who served as a soldier in the liberation of the camp. Message of hope for a future free from prejudice and hate.

Nazi Holocaust Failed in Denmark

14 photo aid/black and white/11” x 14”/SSSS

Captioned photo aids on heavy glossy stock tell the story of how the Danish underground managed to transport more than 7,000 Jews undetected to neutral Sweden, even though the Nazis had captured 500 Jews during their occupation of Denmark.

The Assisi Underground

115 minutes/color/videocassette/SSSS

Depicts the clandestine work done by the Catholic church during World War II to help several hundred Italian Jews escape Nazi persecution.

The Courage to Care

28 minutes/color/16 mm film/videocassette/guide/ADL Ordinary people following their conscience risked their lives to save Jews. Message that one person makes a difference and to be human is to care.

The Diary of Anne Frank

(see Audio Visual reference for Chapter 10)

The Partisans of Vilna

130 minutes/color/subtitled for languages other than English/YIVO

Recounts the untold story of the moral dilemmas facing the Jewish youths who organized an underground resistance in the Vilna ghetto, and fought as partisans against the Nazis. Features interviews with former partisans in Israel, New York City, Montreal, and Vilna, interspersed with rare archival footage from 1939-1944.

The Shop on Main Street

128 minutes/black and white/in Czech with subtitles/videocassette/SSSS

Moral issues of individual responsibility, power vs. powerlessness, conscience and redemption are raised in this story of a Czech peasant who is appointed the “Aryan controller” of a shop run by a Jewish woman who is unaware of the Nazi occupation of their village.

The Upstairs Room

filmstrips or video/guide/SSSS

Two Dutch Jewish sisters go into hiding to avoid deportation to a concentration camp. Their hideout is a small, upstairs room in a small farmhouse where they spend two-and-a-half years.

The Warsaw Ghetto

51 minutes/black and white/videocassettes/SSSS

(see Audio Visual reference for Chapter 8)

The White Rose

108 minutes/color/videocassette/SSSS

Dramatization of the true story of a group of German students, the White Rose, who printed and distributed thousands of anti-Nazi leaflets during World War II.

Chapter 12: The Aftermath


Black Book: The Nazi Crime Against the Jewish People. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1946.

Blum, Howard. Wanted! The Search for Nazis in America. New York: Quadrangle, 1977. Targeting Nazis, some of them war criminals, coming to the U.S. and getting citizenship by not disclosing their Nazi backgrounds.

Borkin, Joseph. The Crime and Punishment of I. G. Farben. New York: Free Press, 1978.

Bower, Tom. Barbie, Butcher of Lyons. New York: Pantheon, 1984.

_____. The Pledge Betrayed: America and Britain and the Denazification of Postwar Germany. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1982. Analysis of why denazification failed.

Central Commission for Investigation of German Crimes in Poland. German Crimes in Poland. 2 vols. New York: Fertig, 1982. Wealth of material on Jewish and other victims of the Nazi occupation, particularly on Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Chelmno, Belzec, Stuffhof, Ravensbruck, the Warsaw uprising, Soviet POWs, and more.

Conot, Robert E. Justice at Nuremberg: The First Comprehensive Dramatic Account of the Trial of the Nazi Leaders. New York: Harper & Row, 1983.

Eichmann Trial. The Attorney General of Israel vs. Adolf, Son of Adolf Karl Eichmann. Jerusalem: Ministry of Justice, 1962. English translation of trial minutes.

Epstein, Helen. Children of the Holocaust: Conversations with Sons and Daughters of the Survivors. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1979.

Farago, Ladislas. Aftermath: Martin Bormann and the Fourth Reich. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1974.

Ferencz, Benjamin B. Less Than Slaves: Jewish Forced Labor and the Quest for Compensation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1979.

Hausner, Gideon. Justice in Jerusalem. New York: Harper & Row, 1966. Israeli prosecutor of Eichmann tells his story.

Jackson, Robert H. The Nuremberg Case.asNew York: Knopf, 1947. U.S. member of the panel of judges at Nuremberg describes the trial.

Klarsfeld, Beate. Wherever They May Be! New York: Vanguard, 1975. Account of the pursuit of war criminals, especially Barbie, by Mrs. Klarsfeld, a German Christian.

Mason, Henry L. The Purge of Dutch Quislings: Emergency Justice in the Netherlands. The Hague: Nejhoff, 1952.

Murphy, Brendan. The Butcher of Lyon: The Story of the Infamous Nazi, Klaus Barbie. New York: Empire Books, 1983. First published account of Barbie’s capture in 1983.

Noble, Iris. Nazi Hunter Simon Wiesenthal. New York: J. Messner, 1979. Survivor Wiesenthal has dedicated his life to seeking out Nazi criminals and bringing them to justice.

Robinson, Jacob. And the Crooked Shall Be Made Straight. New York: Macmillan, 1965.


Hitler’s Secret Weapon: Nova

60 minutes/black and white and color/videocassette/SSSS

Detailed documentary of development of V-2 rocket. Could it have affected the outcome of World War II? Explains how rocket scientists from Germany came to work in the U.S. space program after the war.

In Their Words

30 minutes/color/videocassette/SEFMC

Produced by the Southeastern Florida Holocaust Memorial Center, this award-winning tape contains interviews with Holocaust survivors and American G.I.s who helped liberate the death camps.


76 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Produced by the U.S. War Department, this account of the rise to power of the Nazis is intercut with excerpts of footage of Nazi atrocities and trial sequences to illustrate each of the four counts of the indictment.


21 minutes/black and white/videocassette/ADL

The liberation of prisoners from the Nazi concentration camps and the tremendous task of returning the displaced persons to their homes after the war is described in human terms.

The Demjanjuk Trial

15 minutes/color/videocassette/ADL

John Demjanjuk, a Ukrainian who entered the United States as a displaced person after World War II, was brought to trial in 1981 on charges of having concealed his past as a sadistic guard at Treblinka. Evidence against him is presented, testimony by survivors of Treblinka is heard, and the effects of the trial on the Jewish and Ukrainian communities of Cleveland, Ohio, are analyzed.

The Last Sea: Holocaust Documentaries

90 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Dramatic story of the Jewish exodus from Europe to Israel, traveling by truck and train, crossing the Alps on foot, crossing the sea aboard overcrowded ships.

To Bear Witness

41 minutes/color and black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Survivors and liberators from 14 nations gathered in Washington in 1981 to testify about their experiences during the Holocaust. They provide an authentic account of what some nations and their peoples did to prevent the Holocaust, what others did to help those charged with crimes against humanity, and the lethargic pace at which Western leaders acted to halt the genocide. Includes captured Nazi footage and official U.S. army film.

Verdict For Tomorrow

28 minutes/black and white/16 mm film/ADL

Lowell Thomas illustrates the Eichmann trial. Actual footage gathered during the trial in Jerusalem. Thrust of program is the trial as a reminder of Nazism and Jewish persecution.

Witnesses to the Holocaust: The Trial of Adolf Eichmann

90 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Document of testimony and evidence at 1961 trial in Jerusalem of Eichmann, the Nazi official who administered the program to annihilate the Jews.

World at War Series: Reckoning Volume 25

52 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS Germany is divided into zones controlled by the various occupying armies.

World at War Series: Remember Volume 26

52 minutes/black and white/videocassette/SSSS

Memorial to 55 million casualties. Viewers are directed to remember the dead, the privations, the brutality, and the lack of distinction between combatants and noncombatants in total war.

You Are Free

20 minutes/color and black and white/videocassette/DC

Interviews with five people who were present when the liberation of the camps took place (four American liberators and one woman survivor).


ABF =Audio Brandon Films

34 MacQuestern Parkway South

Mount Vernon, NY 10550

ADL =Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith

230 S. Broad Street, 20th Floor

Philadelphia, PA 19102

601 Grant Street

Pittsburgh, PA 15219

Capri =Capri Films

1619 Broadway

New York, NY 10019

>CG =Cinema Guild

1697 Broadway, Suite 802

New York, NY 10019

DC =Direct Cinema, Ltd.

PO Box 69589

Los Angeles, CA 90069

JWB =Jewish Welfare Board 1

5 East 26th Street

New York, NY 10010

PBS =Public Broadcasting System


356 West 58th Street

New York, NY 10019

SSSS =Social Studies School Service

10200 Jefferson Boulevard, Room J

P.O. Box 802

Culver City, CA 90232-0802

SEFMC = outheastern Florida Holocaust Memorial Center

Florida International University – Bay Vista Campus

N.E. 151st Streets & Biscayne Blvd.

North Miami, FL 33181

SWC =Simon Wiesenthal Center

9760 West Pico Boulevard

Yeshiva University of Los Angeles

Los Angeles, CA 90035

TLMM =Time-Life Multi Media

100 Eisenhower Drive

PO Box 802

Paramus, NJ 07652

VV =Vision Video

2030 Wentz Church Road

PO Box 540

Warminster, PA 19490

YIVO =YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

1048 Fifth Avenue

New York, NY 10029

_ 1990 Gary M. Grobman

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