Forced marches of prisoners under heavy guard and under intolerable conditions. Death marches occurred throughout the war, but became increasingly common in the later stages.
To evade the advancing Red Army, Jewish prisoners from concentration camps in eastern Europe were marched deeper into nazi-held territory, often with no clear destination. Prisoners were murdered, or died of disease, mistreatment or exhaustion, and were simply left where they fell.
The death march from Budapest began on November 8, 1944. Seventy-six thousand Jews were forced to walk to the Austrian border, where they were to be escorted to various concentration camps. Thousands were shot, and thousands more died of exposure and starvation. Several hundred (among them, Andrew Salamon’s father) were rescued from the marching columns by Wallenberg, and returned to Budapest.