(Ausserordentliche Befriedungsaktion; Extraordinary Pacification Action)
Code name for the liquidation of Polish intellectuals and leaders after the German invasion of Poland in 1939. The task was entrusted to Hans Frank as Governor-General and to his deputy, Artur Seyss-Inquart (qq.v). More than 2,000 Polish men and women were apprehended from September 1939 to June 1940 and summarily executed. A ruthless killer, Frank kept thorough records of his work in a forty-two-volume journal. Many Jews were among his victims.
Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, by Dr. Louis L. Snyder, Professor of History, The City College and The City University of New York. ParagonHouse, New York, 1989. ISBN 1-55778-144-3—